space biology n.

the study of biology in outer space or (broadly) in locations other than Earth

  • 1952 ‘T. Pine’ Secret of Satellite Seven in Amazing Stories Feb. 72/2 page image bibliography

    I'm not expert on space-biology…but I do know that in a couple of days the streets of Praa-Inek will be intolerable.

  • 1953 H. Gernsback Science-Fiction Semantics in Science-Fiction + Aug. 2/1 Hugo Gernsback

    As new situations develop in science-fiction, as science progresses, new terms must be coined. Thus in 1911 the writer probably was the first to use the words space-flyer, space flying, space sickness, anti-gravitator, and many other words in common use today. Although the vocabulary of modern science-fiction is rich today, it is nothing compared with what it will become during the next 25 years. It is also true that science-fiction authors and scientists launch terms that never should have been used. As an example, one might cite a recent addition: space-medicine. To us, this is an unfortunate term, because medicine implies the curing or mitigation of disease. Space-medicine is constantly being used to investigate man’s reactions to free fall and other phenomena, which have nothing to do with disease per se. In our opinion, the correct term is: space-biology.

  • 1957 H. C. Allison News Roundup in Bulletin of Atomic Scientists Oct. 311/2

    A series of experiments with live animals (monkeys, albino mice, black rats) was conducted by the Space Biology Branch of the Holloman Air Development Center, New Mexico, in 1954.

  • 1963 J. Williamson & F. Pohl Reefs of Space in Worlds of If July 35/1 page image Jack Williamson Frederik Pohl bibliography

    Colonel Lescure, he discovered, was Director of the Plan of Space Biology, for example. A major named Max Lunggren was an astrophysicist.

  • 1976 Quasimodo’s Monster Magazine May 55 (caption) page image

    He is mostly interested in Space Biology.

  • 2000 G. A. Landis Mars Crossing xi. 195 page image Geoffrey A. Landis bibliography

    I’m Tanisha Jackson. I’m a biologist here at NASA Johnson, and I’m here to tell you all those things about space biology that you haven’t quite had the nerve to ask yet. Like, for example, how you go to the bathroom in space.

Research requirements

antedating 1952

Earliest cite

Hugo Gernsback, 'Science-Fiction Sematics'

Research History
Bill Mullins submitted an October 1957 cite from a news article in The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.
Fred Galvin submitted a 1953 cite from an article by Hugo Gernsback, "Science-Fiction Semantics".
Jesse Sheidlower submitted a 1952 cite from 'Theodore Pine' (a pseudonym of Henry Hasse and Emil Petaja) in Amazing Stories.
Ben Ostrowsky submitted a 2000 cite from G.A. Landis.

Earliest cite in the OED database: 1960

Last modified 2021-09-11 01:03:20
In the compilation of some entries, HDSF has drawn extensively on corresponding entries in OED.